Internet users are common targets of foreign adversary-backed content manipulation. From social media ads to manipulated search results, inauthentic promotion and censorship is frequently employed to shape domestic and international narratives, or block sensitive discussions at home.

Modern methods of inauthentic promotion and censorship are often subtle and nuanced. Understanding what content foreign adversaries manipulate can be an indicator of overarching political, economic, and international goals.

Download the white paper to learn about:

  • What inauthentic promotion and censorship look like
  • The common pitfalls of studying censorship and how to avoid them
  • How contextualized data on manipulated messaging can inform government decisions